Mainstream universe
(Capcom's primary storyline)

Dr. Edward Ashford, 5th Earl Ashford (died July 1968) was a British virologist. A member of the Ashford family, he founded Umbrella Pharmaceuticals with a fellow aristocrat, Lord Spencer.


As a young man, Edward was a close friend of Oswell E. Spencer, the heir to the aristocratic Spencer family, and the two became mutual friends at university with the future virologist James Marcus. The three were united in their studies of virology and their fascination with the eugenics movement which had dominated European and American culture in the early 20th century.[2] In the 1960s the three became interested in Stairway of the Sun, a flower in Africa said to grant superhuman abilities to those that consume it. In the trek to Africa, the flowers were recovered and the Progenitor Virus discovered within them.[3] Following this discovery, Umbrella Pharmaceuticals was established to produce and sell medicines to the public, and modified Progenitor Virus strains to the US military as a weapon in secret.[4] The ultimate purpose of this plan, later known as the "t-Virus Project", was to invest in research to create a new race of superhumans known as the "Wesker Project".[2] The three founders conducted viral research independently of one another at their own labs,[4] with Marcus and Spencer in the Arklays, and Ashford at the Antarctic Base.

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Ashford Family Crest

In research in Antarctica, Edward was joined by his son, Alexander. However, as he was not a virologist he soon left the project. Concerned that the family's influence in the company and their planned society would end with himself, Edward stood aside knowingly as Alexander engineered a clone of their ancestor, Veronica, who he believed would carry on viral research to preserve the family's influence as his relations with Spencer deteriorated.[5][4][excerpt 1] [excerpt 2]


In July 1968, Edward fell victim to an accident orchestrated by Spencer and died from Progenitor virus infection.[6][7] For the next thirteen years the Antarctic Base made no breakthroughs on their mutant strains,[4] while Spencer and Marcus' "t-Viruses" developed the ability to create zombies in 1978. Veronica's clone, Alexia, began research on Progenitor again in 1981 as a child prodigy.[8][9] However, she herself disappeared from public life after exposure to her new t-Veronica Virus later that year,[10] soon after Alexander himself was infected.[11] Both survived, but were kept in hiding and legally declared missing and legally dead, respectively.[12] The Earldom therefore fell to Alfred, a male clone of Veronica born out of an anomaly in the same experiment that created Alexia.[5] With no knowledge of virology, Alfred was in no position to continue the family's research, and gained employment in the company as an adult to control a paramilitary base on Rockfort Island. Because of this deterioration in the family's power and prestige, the idea that the family had been cursed was held.

Family tree of the Ashford dynastyEdit

Unknown parent
(modified clone)
(modified clone)

Further notesEdit

  • Yasuhiro Seto, the developer of Resident Evil: The Darkside Chronicles, has stated in his blog regarding the Ashford Family: "The Ashford family bloodline was cursed ever since Edward, the fifth generation family head, founded the Umbrella Corporation. This curse also affected his heir Alexander, and his children Alfred and Alexia." This curse would eventually cause the gradual decline and eventual extinction of the once proud Ashford family.
  • Edward's only known physical appearance is of a portrait in the Palace on Rockfort Island that portrayed him as a man in his fifties.


  1. Kaitai Shinsho, p.287:
    Q7. "プロジェクト 『コード:ベロニカ』 とは、 アレクサンダーとエドワードとの共同計画だった?"
    A7. "エドワードも知ってはいましたが、 アレクサンダー独自の計画です。"
  2. Kaitai Shinsho, p.287:
    Q8."アレクサンダーは、 T-ウィルス研究には手をつけていなかったのでしょうか?"
    A8. "当初はアレクサンダーとエドワードでウィルスの共同研究をしていたのですが、 ウィルス研究者としての才能に限界を感じたアレクサンダーは、 みずからウィルス研究者としての道を断念したのです。 そして遺伝子工学の道を選び、 「コード:ベロニカ」 計画を立ち上げることになります。"
  1. Capcom. Resident Evil 5. (Capcom). File: History of RESIDENT EVIL.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Resident Evil 5 (2009), file: "Albert Wesker".
  3. Resident Evil 5 (2009), file: "From Chief Researcher Brandon's Journal - No. 1".
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Resident Evil CODE:Veronica (2000), file: "Alexander's Memo".
  5. 5.0 5.1 Resident Evil CODE:Veronica (2000), file: "Veronica Report".
  7. Resident Evil 5 (2009), file: "History of RESIDENT EVIL".
  8. Wesker's Report II.
  9. Resident Evil CODE:Veronica (2000), file: "Newspaper Clip".
  10. Resident Evil CODE:Veronica (2000), file: "Virus Report".
  11. Resident Evil CODE:Veronica (2000), file: "Alfred's Diary".
  12. Resident Evil CODE:Veronica (2000), file: "Butler's Letter".

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